ALI – Talks with Iran blocked once again

Talks with Iran blocked once againNo progress is being made in the nuclear talks between Iran and the P5+1 (UN Security Council permanent members and Germany). It seems that the parties agreed to extend the deadline for a permanent agreement by four months.

Undoubtedly, extension is better than complete failure as it keeps the hopes of a deal between the parties alive.However, the stalemate in the talks, despite high expectations at the beginning, is not good.

One of the primary reasons for the talksand#39 failure is lack of confidence as it appears that the parties have no trust in each other Iran is insistent on the enrichment program and for this reason they try hard to do their best. The parties on the other side of the table view this as Iranian insistence on acquisition of nuclear weapons.

For this reason, the P5+1 group has been delicate about the issue of inspection. We do not know what this extension will bring.

The extension is, of course, better than complete failure, but it is not a source of hope.It is not a source of hope because the parties are aware of the root cause of the problem and what the others want.

Therefore, political willingness rather than more time is needed for the talks to progress. It is naive to believe that Iran wants to invest in nuclear technology just because of energy needs given that it has rich oil and gas fields as well as reserves.

The West believes that the new Iranian administration is flexible because it does not want to pay the bill for the economic and political repercussions of this policy. For this reason, they expected the Iranian government to agree to inspections.

Iran, on the other hand, wants to normalize relations and become a proper political actor in international matters and it also wants to get rid of the embargoes.Over the last few years the West has blocked an agreement by relying on domestic political matters and maximalist approaches.

For this reason, the protocol brokered by Brazil and Turkey did not yield any constructive results. We may argue that, despite her successful career, Catherine Ashton, high representative of the common foreign and security policy, made a critical mistake on this matter Because the P5+1 approached the talks constructively and flexibly and recognized that the said protocol allowed Iran to proceed with enrichment that goes beyond its capacity, progress was expected in a very short time.

But, Iranand#39s capacity has increased threefold over the last few years therefore, it argues that the scope of the talks should be changed.Another reason for optimism at the start of the talks was the attitude to the economic embargoes.

The Iranian economy is experiencing a state of collapse because of the embargoes. It appears that unemployment and economic problems will lead to serious social outcry.

From this perspective, the election of Hassan Rouhani can be seen as political ventilation. For this reason, Iran was expected to pursue an agreement that ended the embargoes.

Even though the embargoes have been influential in Iran, the West also sees that they cause problems. Unlike the plans, the embargoes are not smart.

The embargoes have damaged the Iraniansand#39 health care and access to medicine, even though they were not the primary targets. Thousands of people have been suffering from the repercussions of the embargoes and sanctions.

In addition, because of these sanctions, Iran has become interested in the economies of India and China The embargoes are damaging the Westand#39s markets and its influence. For this reason, everybody was hopeful of the outcome of the talks.

So this means that the parties now need some more time.Now, because of the extension, the parties have to act prudently and sensitively.

Iranand#39s silence in the ongoing Gaza crisis can be attributed to this. Iran, which has been trying to fill the political vacuum left by the decline of Turkey in the Middle East, is a reliable partner for the West against terrorist organizations such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) as it is a rising power in the region.

Turkish foreign policy, on the other hand, is being taken hostage by the shadow of its intelligence agency.