UN decarbonization report lays out country-specific paths to cut emissions

NEW YORK (CIHAN)- The United Nations (UN)launched a report laying out potential country-specific paths to cut emissions enough to limit human-induced temperature rise to the globally agreed goal of two degrees centigrade.

Leading scientific institutions of 15 top carbon-emitting nations have for the first time cooperatively produced a report laying out potential country-specific paths to cut emissions enough to limit human-induced temperature rise to the globally agreed goal of two degrees centigrade.

Launching the report at a press conference in New York today (8 July), Secretay-General Ki-moon said that, “change is in the air. Solutions exist. The race is on, and it’s time to lead. Deep decarbonization is feasible, but it requires global commitment to aancing key low-carbon energy technologies.”

Ban added that the Deep Decarbonization Pathway Project emphasizes three key pillars: energy efficiency, low-carbon electricity and fuel switching.

He said, “I expect countries to adopt different combinations according to their needs, resources and priorities. But all countries need to embark on the same journey.”

Also speaking to reporters, the director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University Jeffrey Sachs said “the results of this work are –on one side heartening- and on the other side, very concerning. They are heartening because this report shows that there is a path to climate safety.”

He also said “what’s concerning about this report is that we are way off-track and to get on track will require major cooperative efforts that are right now not in place. Two degrees centigrade limit is not easily achieved.”

Sachs added “we are on a trajectory of some four degrees centigrade or more, depending on exactly the assumptions that one makes and all of the evidence is that the business as usual path would be an absolutely reckless and unforgivable gamble with this planet.”

Asked about the connection between poverty and climate change, he underlined “the whole planet is disrupted right now and there is gonna be no way to fight poverty unless we fight climate change.”

Sachs added “we are gonna be overwhelmed unless we get this issue under control. So, anybody who says there’s a trade-off or one versus the other doesn’t know what they are talking about. We have to do these things together because there’s no way to sustain the gains against poverty unless we get this climate crisis under control.”

The Deep Decarbonization Pathways report is being featured ahead of this September’s Climate Summit in New York, and will inform the negotiations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Lima in December and in Paris in 2015, where countries intend to adopt a comprehensive agreement to address climate change.

The report comes from some 30 institutions of the 15 top carbon-emitting nations: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States.

SOURCE: CIHAN