Turkey disturbed as Syrian Kurds claim bigger role in anti-ISIL fight

With a string of victories over Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL), Syriaand’s Kurds are proving themselves an ever more dependable ally in the US-led fight against the jihadists and building influence that will make them a force in Middle Eastern politics.
Aided by US-led air strikes, the Kurdish-led YPG militia may have dealt ISIL its worst defeat to date in Syria by seizing the town of Tel Abyad at the Turkish border, cutting a supply route to the jihadistsand’ de facto capital of Raqqa city.
The Kurds in northern Syria now control an uninterrupted 400 km stretch of the Turkish frontier, positioning them to help secure an area where the United States says more needs to be done to stop the flow of fighters joining ISIL.
The growing Kurdish sway is of no comfort to Turkey, worried by the risk of separatist sentiment among its own Kurds.
Ankara sees the widening Kurdish footprint as a possible threat to its border, and the YPG as little more than an offshoot of the Kurdistan Workersand’ Party (PKK) group which waged a decades-long conflict for Kurdish rights in Turkey. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan last week accused the West of helping andquotterroristsandquot.
But for now, the United States appears willing to risk upsetting its NATO ally to aance the goal of driving back ISIL in the Syrian half of its self-declared caliphate.
With Raqqa city just 80 km (50 miles) to the south, some analysts wonder whether Washington may now go even further by arming the YPG to help it wage war deeper into ISIL-held territory and to seal the border.
The United States and its allies are bombing ISIL positions in both Syria and Iraq. The coalition supports the government in Baghdad but is hostile to the government in Damascus, leaving it with few allies on the ground in Syria.
But even though that means the YPG is so far the only significant partner for the US-led alliance in Syria, it says its request for arms has yet to be answered.
With or without new weapons, the YPGand’s growing role will only strengthen its international standing and its influence over any eventual outcome of the Syrian war.
andquotIt gives the Kurds legitimacy and enhances their bargaining position,andquot said Henri Barkey, a professor of international relations at Lehigh University in the United States.
Syriaand’s Kurds are part of a Kurdish nation spread across Syria, Turkey, Iran and Iraq, one of the worldand’s largest ethnic groups without a state.
With the onset of the Syrian uprising in 2011, the Syrian Kurds formed their own administration in three separate areas of northern Syria, coordinating with Damascus to expand into areas where the state was retreating. The capture of Tel Abyad means two of those regions are now geographically connected.
The Syrian Kurds say they do not aspire to found an independent state, but see their model of regional autonomy as one that could form the basis for an eventual settlement to the war now in its fifth year.
Turkeyand’s Erdogan has accused Syrian Kurds of displacing Arab and Turkmen residents from some areas they occupy, and some Arab refugees fleeing area have complained of harsh treatment.
The YPG denies accusations of ethnic cleansing, and the UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which monitors the conflict with a network of sources on the ground, says there is no evidence of systematic YPG abuses.
The YPG is confident it can secure new areas of the frontier near Tel Abyad: the Kurdish administration in the northeast has already managed to secure large sections of Syriaand’s border since early on in the crisis, said Redur Xelil, a spokesman.
andquotWe are committed to protecting these borders because that way we are protecting our existence,andquot he said. andquotWe should be supported with weapons and equipment because the YPG has shown its effectiveness in expelling Daesh more than any other force.andquot
Daesh is an Arabic name for ISIL, also known in English as ISIS.
The YPG and the United States joined forces for the first time last year to repel an ISIL attack on the town of Kobani, or Ayn al-Arab. The cooperation has deepened since then.
Backed by US-led air strikes, the YPG has driven ISIL from swathes of the northeastern province of Hasaka – a region important in the fight against ISIL because it borders areas held by the group in Iraq.
Brig Gen Thomas Weidley, the chief-of-staff of the anti-ISIL coalition, specifically praised the YPG on Monday.
andquotSince fall 2014, Kurdish forces in both Iraq and Syria, enabled by the coalition, have only taken territory from Daesh, never ceding it,andquot he said in a post on Facebook.
But the Syrian Kurds complain the support remains far below the level received by their Iraqi Kurdish cousins.
andquotIf there is a decision to put pressure on Raqqa – the centre of the ISIL – this an scenario where I can see the YPG getting more arms from (the United States),andquot said Barkey of Lehigh University.
Though that moment still appeared far off, US officials were likely planning for such a contingency, he said.
andquotTo me it is a logical next step.andquot
While they have proved effective fighting ISIL in Kurdish areas, questions remain over how well the YPG would perform in Arab parts of Syria.
Their attack on Tel Abyad – an ethnically mixed area – was aided by smaller Syrian Arab rebel groups that are part of the more secular-minded opposition to President Bashar al-Assad.
In Hasaka province, the Syrian Kurds still share control of two cities with the Syrian government. The sides have mostly left each other to their own devices.
There are however signs of strain. The Kurdsand’ alliance with Washington has fuelled suspicions in Damascus of a conspiracy to break up Syria, while the Kurds are irritated by what they see as government attempts to recover lost influence in the region.
Tensions between the Syrian government and Kurdish security forces flared in the city of Qamishli overnight. Shots were fired, but no-one was hurt, the Observatory and a Kurdish official said.
andquotThe regime will with time get weaker,andquot said Nasir Haj Mansour, a Kurdish official in the northeast. andquotI do not imagine the regime will be able to strengthen its position.andquot

SOURCE: Today’s Zaman