TODAY’S – FAO: Turkish wheat production to drop by 10 percent

FAO: Turkish wheat production to drop by 10 percentAccording to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) July harvest report, wheat production in Turkey is set to decrease by 10 percent this yearThe FAO’s “Crop Prospects and Food Situation” report indicates that the most recent signals coming from the Near East region show a general 73 percent decrease in total wheat production, with drought playing the biggest role in this decrease, which is set to be around 10 percent in Turkey. The FAO report says about Turkey: The wheat production for 2014 in Turkey was marked by a drought followed by cold weather in fall of 2013.

Spring rains did reintroduce moisture to the soil, but according to first predictions from the Turkish Statistics Institute (TurkStat), there will be a 10 percent decrease in grain production compared with the previous year This means total grain production will be at about 33.8 million tons of production.

These predictions include 19.8 million tons of wheat (an 11 percent decrease in comparison with last year), and 13.

1 million tons of large grain crops (a 10 percent decrease in comparison with last year).Included in the UN’s Near East region are Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey.

The FAO report also specified that there were no major changes expected in wheat production for 2014 for Iran, which is the second largest producer of wheat in the region.Drought reduces wheat yields remarkablyThe drought and frost experienced across Turkey in the past year have had affected wheat yields in the country.

In areas that yielded 600 kilograms of wheat in previous years, there was a 50 percent drop in production this year In more arid areas, this decrease was up to 80 percent. Throughout Turkey, wheat production is continuing.

But due to the drought and the frost at the end of March, there was a significant drop in wheat production. Data coming in over these final harvest days depicts the full dimensions of this damage.

Professor Hakan zkan from ukurova University’s Agriculture Faculty notes that this year Turkey experienced significant problems with drought and rainwater shortages, adding that just as the wheat harvests were supposed to be flowering, frost hit. He said: “At the end of March and beginning of April, we had frost.

And since that frost came just as the flowering period had arrived, it killed the pollen. So the wheat heads are there, but they are empty.

So you might look at a field and say, ‘Oh good, it looks full,’ but then when you harvest it, it’s not good at all. In other words, first the drought hit, and then the frost really killed the wheat.

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SOURCE: Today’s Zaman