HASAN – Developments mark Turkish-Kazakh relations

Developments mark Turkish-Kazakh relationsThe tent that is used among Turkic peoples, and Mongolians in particular, is called a andldquoyurt.andrdquo A yurtand#39s doorway is always right in the middle of the tent, with women and children entering through the left side, while men enter through the right.

Directly across from the threshold of the doorway is a space called the andldquotr,andrdquo which is where the head of the family sits. The words spoken by this respected person in the family are thus known as andldquotre,andrdquo and andldquotreandrdquo is what denotes the spoken rules by which the family must abide.

These unwritten rules are the traditional ways and laws by which the family runs itself. The person who is the familyand#39s andldquotrandrdquo is the family elder, and the person who makes the decisions and knows what is best for the familyand#39s future.

Cast into the larger framework of the Turkic world, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev is sitting in the andldquotrandrdquo position these days.Nazarbayev has pushed Kazakhstan forward to become one of the two countries in the Turkic world — the other being Turkey — to gain true prominence globally.

The two are strong countries, with Turkey at the western end of the Turkic world, and Kazakhstan at the eastern side. Nazarbayev is also the brain behind the idea of the Turkish Council.

And in fact, during the fall of 2015, Kazakhstan will be hosting a summit of heads of state from Turkic language-speaking countries.Nazarbayev has led the way in re-shaping and renewing Kazakhstanand#39s legal and political underpinnings, based on examples from successful countries around the world.

In fact, the Kazakhstan of today is certainly now a country to which Turkey can look for inspiration. Some of the more striking elements from Kazakhstan include the education system, the high school and middle school testing system, the Palace of Students hall, the study abroad program for Kazakh students, the Nazarbayev University project, and the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan (AKP) national political body.

In fact, Turkey could certainly learn a lot from the Nazarbayev model, especially when it comes to the peaceful leadership of a society composed of different ethnicities and religions, or the way religion and modernization have been combined. The Nazarbayev system could also be examined for tips on a successful presidential systemOn April 26, 2015, Kazakhstan will have early presidential elections, which is why it is unlikely that Nazarbayev will be able to make it to anakkale.

During 2016, there are to be multi-party (Right now there are four parties represented in the Kazakh parliament) parliamentary elections in Kazakhstan. In the meantime, it is expected that Turkish President Recep Tayyip ErdoIan will head to both Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan at the end of March and early April.

It is a visit which has already been postponed a few times now, and it will come as a surprise to no one if the early Kazakhstan presidential elections mean it is postponed one more time. If, in fact, ErdoIan does not make it to Kazakhstan during early spring, he might well find himself there for the swearing-in ceremony for Nazarbayev as president once more.

When Nazarbayev was previously elected president, the Turkish foreign minister was in attendance, a move which apparently caused some anger on Nazarbayevand#39s part. When Abdullah Gul was president of Turkey, Nazarbayev was the first foreign leader he hosted at the ankaya presidential palace.

When ErdoIan was sworn in as president of Turkey in 2014, Nazarbayev did attend. I am doubtful Turkey would repeat its original error on this front and not have ErdoIan in attendance for such an occasion.

And so now I am in Almaty. Here, Kazakh journalists say to me: andldquoTurkey does so much in Gaza, in Palestine, in Bosnia, and in Kosovo.

Why are they so quiet when it comes to Crimea? When it comes to standing up for Crimea, if one just looks at history, itand#39s clear that Crimea is Turkeyand#39s. But, even when it came to defending the unity of Ukrainian soil, Turkey was passive.

Also, we had a hard time understanding how Turkey unquestioningly backed the South Stream project of Russian President Vladimir Putin, which involves Turkey.andrdquo Yes, Russiaand#39s claws on the Crimean front have put some fear into Kazakhstan.

SOURCE: Today’s Zaman