HASAN – Border of new Cold War

Border of new Cold WarThe West had its Cold War-era ideologists: Paul Henze, Handeacutelandegravene Carrandegravere dand#39Encausse, S Enders Wimbush, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Shirin Akiner, Mehmet Saray, etc. They either died or were discarded.

In the post-Cold War era, young politicians, academics and think tankers failed to appreciate their value. They couldnand#39t understand their roles as playmakers.

They saw them as analysts of the past. It was assumed that the Russian Federation would be integrated with the Western system in the wake of the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The first and last expansion of NATO and the European Union toward the Soviet Union — by making the Baltic republics full members of the EU (2004) — was perceived as the andldquoend of the road.andrdquo However, Michael Emerson, Ronald D Asmus, Josandeacute Manuel Barroso and others believed the borders of NATO and the EU as broader than this.

Having served as the head of the European Commission for 10 years, Barroso made the EU enlargement into Eastern Europe possible. Ten countries — Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Cyprus and Malta — became EU members in 2004.

In 2007, Bulgaria and Romania joined the union while Croatia became an EU member in 2013. With seven enlargement waves so far, the EU has turned into a 28-member (compared to the six founding members) union.

In his last press conference, Barroso argued that had the EU not expanded, it would not have been able to restrict Russiaand#39s appetite to Ukraine but that it would engulf Bulgaria and the Baltic states.The Kremlin protested not only against Ukraineand#39s NATO membership but also against its signing partnership and free trade agreements with the EU.

The Kremlinand#39s resistance led to the success of Euromaidan in November 2013 and the coming to power of a pro-Western government in Kiev. The tilting of Ukraine and Moldova toward the EU in 2013 and 2014, respectively, was perceived by the Kremlin as andquotWestern aancement into the Soviet Unionand#39s European regions.

andquot Believing it was betrayed in Ukraine, Russia tried to rip eastern Ukraine –which it refers to as Novorossiya (New Russia) — from Ukraine after Crimea It sought to expand the borders of New Russia so as to include the entire Black Sea coast of Ukraine, including Odessa When Russiaand#39s appetite did not remain restricted to Crimea, the West changed its strategy against RussiaRussia is not suffering from economic embargoes only. The prices of its main export commodities — oil and natural gas — are falling.

Terrorist networks which had been dormant have sprung to action. Dukuvakh Abdurakhmanov, the Chechen parliament speaker, announced that terrorist attacks in Grozny on Dec.

4 were undertaken andquotin the interests of the United States and NATO that want to weaken Russia both economically and politically.andquot The Russian decision-makers believe that the Russian people will come to their senses in the face of hardships.

Russia is trying to boost domestic production in agriculture, animal husbandry and industry in the face of Western embargoes.Like Russia, the US may take aantage of the new Cold War era to clean its neighborhood.

You can start cleaning from Cuba Having realized this possibility, Havana tried to curb the US appetite for Cuba To avert any possibility of being Crimeanized by the US, Cuba decided to improve ties with the US. But the US seems to be determined to put Cuba, a country 90 miles away from the US, into its orbit.

SOURCE: Today’s Zaman