Ban Ki-moon stresses the importance of security reforms for long-term stability

NEW YORK (CIHAN)- Domestic police and national defense forces that maintain the rule of law and respect human rights are critical for the immediate and long-term stability of countries with a history of conflict, United Nations officials and Member States stressed at the Security Council today (28 Apr).

At the start of a day-long debate on security sector reform chaired by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Nigeria, which holds the rotating Council presidency for the month of April, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said that “a professional and accountable security sector under the framework of the rule of law can strengthen public confidence in the State and provide the stability necessary for peace building and development.”

However, he noted, “security institutions that lack the right training or adequate governance and oversight mechanisms may fail to provide basic security or even violate the rights

The Secretary-General pointed out that current crises show what happens when security services lack training, governance and basic capacities.

He said that “nowhere else is this as evident today as in the Central African Republic, Mali, and Somalia.”

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Nigeria, Aminu Wali, said that security institutions “cannot be viably reformed without a transformation of the broader relationship between the state and society.” He added that “this requires addressing the social contract on which the entire governance framework is based in order to achieve greater transparency, accountability and adherence to the rule of law.”

US Ambassador Samantha Power told the meeting that “basic security is a fundamental civic need” and without it, “families live in fear, economic investments are not made, and the rules by which a society can live in harmony are not enforced.”

She said “a state without security is a state where terrorists and criminals will thrive, the smugglers of illegal arms and narcotics will base their operations, internal strife may generate a flood of refugees, corruption runs rampant and shortages of food and other resources lead to humanitarian disaster.”

The Council will vote on a resolution calling for security sector reforms with the aim of prevention and management of conflicts.