Azerbaijani national costume to be presented in Russia

By: Nigar Orujova

National costume of Azerbaijani women will be presented at a competition in Saransk, Mordovia.

The event will be held at the National Theatre of Mordovia on August 25, the Russian media reported.

The competition will also present national costume of Russian, Tatar, Mordovians, Ukrainians, Jews, and Cossacks women.

“We want people to know their roots, culture, history, and get familiar with the culture of other nationalities living near us. This strengthens friendly relations among people of different nations,” one of the organizers of the event Alsu Myakusheva said.

The competition accepts both individual and collective works of designers of all age groups. The jury will include representative of each of the diasporas, which will make objective the process of evaluation.

The first three winners will be awarded with golden jewelry, and one more participant will receive a prize for the preservation and usage of the traditions of the national costume. An audience choice award will also be presented.

Azerbaijan national costume is the result of long processes involved in the development of the nation’s material and intellectual culture, which reflects history and specific features of it.

Some twelve stages can be identified in the formation of Azerbaijani national costume. Each stage saw further development and improvement, corresponding to changing tastes and living conditions.

Back in centuries, women tend to choose the costume style appropriate to the family status and the age. The costume of a maiden differed noticeably from that of a married woman. Young women wore attractive garments.

The national costume was basically the same in all historical ethnographic zones of Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan women’s dress of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century consisted of lower and top dresses. The top wear consisted of top shoulder and belt wears. Women’s top shoulder dress is top shirtdress, back dress and chapkan, a dress consisting of lining and false sleeves.

In the cities, women wore a veil over skirt when going outside.

National clothing set included a jewelry created by the local jewelers. Women wore the jewelry in neck, chest, waist, and wrist.