ALI – Inviolability of temples

Inviolability of templesIn the early years after the aent of Islam, Muslims were prevented from worshiping at Masjid al-Haram (Sacred Mosque), upsetting them greatly. Muslims had been facing persecution for a long time and were aised to resist with patience.

Eventually, the Quranic verse that permitted them to fight against those who were oppressing them was sent down (See Sura al-Hajj, 22: 39-40).The permission for war was given to Muslims when their prayers at Masjid al-Haram were banned by the disbelievers of Mecca This indicates that the denial of freedom of religion and conscience, and the right to lead a religion-centric life, is a legitimate cause of war With this connection, it can be said that if circumstances arise, war is permissible for those who worship according to their religion in churches, synagogues, mosques or other temples.

The verse in question does not focus on what is worshiped or how it is worshiped in these temples, it simply implies that the temples where Godand#39s names are remembered are Muslimsand#39 mosques and true worship and remembrance are performed only in Muslimsand#39 temples, but it is still considered a cause of war if worship is prohibited in any temple.A monastery is a temple in a secluded place, far away from settlements.

This term may refer not only to Christian monasteries, but also the temples of practitioners of other religions, particularly the temples of Buddhist priests. Ibn Khuwayzimandad argues that this verse forbids the annihilation of the temples of non-Muslims and even includes the Maji temples in this category.

Qatada goes further to put the temples of those who worship celestial bodies such as angels or spirits into this category. Obviously, a church is a temple for Christians and a synagogue for Jews.

That said, Muslims are prohibited from adopting any offensive or destructive attitude against the temples of non-Muslims as this would be contrary to the clearly-stated provisions of the holy Qurand#39an.Islam aises us to fight against those who violate freedom of religion and conscience and ensure that practitioners of every religion are provided with the freedom to enjoy their religion and traditions.

Islam aocates tolerance and dialogue, or war, depending on the circumstances. Under repressive regimes, people are not allowed to cherish their religions and beliefs and are victimized or subjected to injustice because of their faith.

History is rife with numerous examples.God Almighty promises to help Muslims if they risk engaging in war for the sake of freedom of religion and conscience.

God will help any person who helps Godand#39s religion. Any struggle to promote freedom of worship at monasteries, churches or synagogues falls within the category of helping Godand#39s religion.

God helps those who fight to eliminate repressive regimes and expel oppressors.This is clear proof that Islam guarantees freedom to practitioners of other religions as well.

This is not a blessing from Islam but Islam provides for this as a natural part of its mission and function. Islam promotes guarantees for the freedom of religion and conscience for other religions as well as for their civil rights and lifestyles.

Islam does not force everyone to believe, worship or live like Muslims or comply with the provisions of Islamic Shariah. Indeed Islamic Shariah regulates relations among Muslims.

Muslims and non-Muslims are linked in their principles based on their agreement that there exists a common good and a common evil (maruf and munkar). Therefore, Islam does not permit us to use the principle of reciprocity in restricting the fundamental rights of Christians in our country or destroy the temples of other religions or sects.

Our enemies may breach laws, but the enemy is not our teacher Our teacher is our Prophet.

SOURCE: Today’s Zaman