A brief history of Turkish short films in Cannes

This year, a Turkish-French co-production andquotSaliandquot (Tuesday) represented Turkey in the official selection of short films at the Cannes Film Festival, which ended last Sunday with an award ceremony.
andquotSaliandquot marked the sixth time a short film from Turkey was featured in Cannes in the last 18 years.
The film follows one ordinary day in the life of a teenage girl and her encounters with three men as she is on the way to her school, during a class at school and on the bus on the way back home.
Director Ziya Demirel likes to work with non-professional actors and he is good at directing different types of acting (he was also the director of the absurd play andquotanducret Artiii Talebinde Bulunmak iandcin Servis iefine Yanaima Sanati ve Biandcimiandquot [The Art of Asking Your Boss for a Raise].)
One unique aspect about andquotSaliandquot is that it was produced by a Turkish-Greek film production company, istos, which is also the first bilingual (Turkish-Greek) publishing house in Turkey, having Turkeyand’s Greeks (Rum) as a majority among its founders. andquotSaliand”and’s French co-producer is supported by Unifrance for festivals and promotion, and it has been bought by Canal Plus. The Turkish state broadcaster, the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) needs to launch a program to co-produce and buy the TV rights for such short films, which will help filmmakers to produce films of a higher production value for short films to become an industry in Turkey too, as in European countries.
Another French-Turkish co-production, andquotMustang,andquot directed by Deniz Gamze Erganduven, was shown in the Directorsand’ Fortnight section. In 2006, Erganduvenand’s short film andquotBir Damla Suandquot (A Drop of Water)ompeted in the Cinefondation section of Cannes, which is the student films competition of the official selection. Erganduven shot the 19-minute film as part of her studies in the French film school La Fandeacutemis. andquotBir Damla Suandquot was about a young woman stuck between two cultures and her becoming a stranger in both countries. Erganduven continues to portray female characters of different ages with andquotMustang.andquot
Hereand’s a brief look at the other short films from Turkey in Cannesand’ official selection to date:
andquotKozaandquot (Cocoon, 1995), directed by Nuri Bilge Ceylan. Ceylanand’s first and only short film is 14 minutes long, black and white and with no dialogue. Itand’s about the struggle of married couple in their 70s who live separately in a rural town but are trying to reunite. The raw elements of Ceylanand’s filmmaking are evident in his short films and he created great full feature movies later on in his career.
andquotKiyidaandquot (Onshore, 1998), directed by Ebru Yapici. This is a seven-minute black and white film with no dialogue. A family lives in the rural part of suburbs of a big city and their only child wanders about the city which he can only see from a distance. Yapici now uses the surname Ceylan, and is a photographer and a scriptwriter, the co-scriptwriter of the latest Nuri Bilge Ceylan movies andquotOnce Upon a Time in Anatoliaandquot and andquotWinter Sleep.andquot She also acted with Nuri Bilge Ceylan in andquotClimates.andquot She has not yet released any other movie that she has directed.
andquotPoyrazandquot (Boreas, 2006), directed by Belma Bai. This 13-minute film in color includes little dialogue. A child living with elder relatives in a remote house in the mountains observes daily life and glimpses the mysteries of life and death. Belma Bai shot her first feature film andquotZephyrandquot (2010) with a very similar theme, and andquotZephyrandquot premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival the same year. Bai is a writer, director and a translator.
andquotBandeacute Deng Sessizandquot (Silent, 2012), directed by L. Rezan Yeiilbai. Kurdish director Yeiilbai was the second Golden Palm winner from Turkey, following a win for fellow Kurdish filmmaker Yilmaz Ganduneyand’s masterpiece andquotYolandquot (The Road, 1982). andquotBandeacute Dengandquot is about the daily routine of a mother in 1984 Diyarbakir under the rule of the military. She goes to visit her husband at a prison that was infamous as the capital of torture when all languages were banned except Turkish. This 12-minute movie in color is among the prominent Kurdish films from Turkey and a powerful social movie. Yeiilbaiand’s debut feature is expected to be released in cinemas in two years.

SOURCE: Today’s Zaman