Report: Highly educated Turks resort to jobs in other OECD countries

The number of highly educated Turks employed in member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) increased by 83 percent over a decade, from 99,500 in 2001 to 182,000 in 2011, as shown in a recent report released by the organization, hinting at a considerable amount of brain drain from Turkeyand’s skilled human capital.
In its Tuesday report titled and”Connecting with Emigrants,and” the OECD revealed migratory patterns between the 34 member states and immigration statistics from elsewhere in the world. The report indicated that Turkish citizens have increasingly been seeking jobs in relatively more developed nations.
As of 2011, the total number of Turkish citizens employed in member countries of the OECD hit 1.28 million — 25.2 percent higher than the corresponding number in 2001 — while the total Turkish population, including minors and elderly Turks who are not classified as part of the labor market, reached 2.7 million.
The report came less than a month after the University of North Carolinaand’s Turkish born professor, Aziz Sancar, won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. This prompted heated debate on the sweeping brain drain from Turkey to developed countries, the poor job opportunities for highly-skilled university graduates and the growing discriminatory practices in the employment process for positions in state bodies.
The surge in Turkish citizens emigrating to countries of the OECD stemmed mostly from increasing numbers of female nationals securing jobs abroad. The report said 8.1 percent of Turkish citizens working in OECD countries were jobless in 2011.The unemployment rate was 5.1 percent in 2001.
According to the most recent Turkish Statistics Institute (TurkStat) data, the unemployment rate was 9.8 percent in July with 18.3 percent of the youth population without a job. However, the unemployment rate among highly-educated citizens in Turkey was 11.4 percent in the same month.
As for destination countries, 54.4 percent of highly-educated Turks preferred to travel to the US for employment in 2011 34.3 percent the UK 14.7 percent Greece 12.2 percent Sweden and 11.6 percent Switzerland. Meanwhile, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Austria and the US were the five top nations for Turks regardless of education level.
The report also indicated that the number of Turkish born students in other OECD countries is also increasing at a rapid rate.
The OECDand’s report excludes developments after the outbreak of the civil war in Syria which has ignited massive refugee movement across the world.

SOURCE: TODAY’S ZAMAN

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